29 December 2020

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Guyana is undoubtedly South America’s best-kept secret. The thick forests and river systems are home to iconic animals and birds. 820 plus birds, 228 species of mammals, 900 species of fish and more than 6500 plants have given Guyana its deserved reputation as a serious wildlife and birding destination.


Due to its pristine nature, its ecosystems can sustain vibrant populations of some of the world’s giant species like the jaguar, giant anteater, giant river otter, black caiman, anaconda, arapaima, and the world’s largest lily, Victoria Amazonica. As a result, it is often referred to as “The Land of the Giants” by intrepid wildlife enthusiasts. Guyana is a bird watcher’s paradise as well, a few star birds that are relatively easy to access include the Harpy Eagle, Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, and the Hoatzin. Other heart-stoppers include puma, leatherback turtles, bird-eating spiders, sloth, several species of monkeys and a host of snakes – bushmasters, rattlesnakes, labarias and corals.


Of the country’s population of about 780,000, 87% lives along the coast, leaving the country’s lush interior untouched and ripe for exploration.  Guyana is a shining example of how community-owned lodges can work, with several Amerindian communities now running successful eco-lodges to stay. The result is more jobs, funds for education and healthcare, and culture and wildlife being conserved.


With breathtaking waterfalls, mighty rivers, and a large diversity of wildlife and bird species, Guyana has emerged as a playground of the 21st-century explorers and travellers.


214,970 Sq Km

Local time

GMT -4


Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, Harpy Eagle, Hoatzin, Blue-cheeked Parrot, Crestless Curassow, Hoary-throated Spinetail, Guianan Warbling-Antbird, Red Siskin, Rio Branco Antbird, Sun Parakeet, Blue-cloured Woodpecker, Bearded Tachur, Crested Doradito, Olive-sided Flycatcher, etc.




Guyanese Dollar


Jaguar, Puma, Manatee, Sloth, Giant Anteater, Giant River Otter, Tapir, Ocelot, Capybara, Tamandua, Coati, Deer, Porcupine, Spider Monkey, White-faced Saki Monkey, Capuchin, Red Howler Monkey, Bat, etc.


Georgetown is the capital and springboard to the wonders of Guyana. It makes for an ideal first stop for orientation before you head further into the country. Framed by the endless Atlantic Ocean to the north, the city offers more than just a tropical welcome. The museums, heritage hotels, monuments and most of all, welcoming people, ensure that you are ready to jump into the stunning hinterland.

Kaieteur National Park

Kaieteur is one of the highest and most powerful single-drop waterfalls in the world – nearly four times higher than Niagara Falls and twice as high as Victoria Falls. It is part of the lush, pristine rainforests of Kaieteur National Park that spans 627 square kilometres around the iconic waterfall. Of the hundreds of bird species found here, the Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, White Collared Swifts, and macaws are often seen in the lush surrounds. Other fascinating flora and fauna include tank bromeliads and the golden frog. The brilliant morpho butterfly can also be spotted in the Kaieteur gorge. The combination of the magnificent waterfall, wildlife, and remote and uncrowded National Park make this one of the top places to visit in Guyana.

Iwokrama Rainforest Reserve

It is often referred to as the ‘Green Heart of Guyana’ for being the largest continuous woodland area and home to the best of nature – exotic wildlife, numerous bird species and a diversity of plant life. Many of the ‘giants’ of Guyana can be found here, along with an abundance of marine life thanks to the Essequibo, which runs along the forest, livening up the ecosystem. Little disturbing stretches of this virgin forest can be explored from different eco-lodges in the forest. Iwokrama’s biodiversity makes it one of the best wildlife destinations in South America.


The sprawling grasslands of Guyana cover the belly and some southern parts of the country, offering a dramatic change of scene from thick rainforests, the vast ocean and mountains of the north and deep south. The flat pale-yellow grasslands allow easy spotting of a range of animals, especially the anteaters. Unique avian species that like a combination of grasslands and canopies exist in the Rupununi, making it a birding hotspot. The ranching culture in the savannahs is starkly different from the Caribbean vibe of the north, with rodeo events headlining the region.

Kanuku Mountains

As one of the wildest and remotest regions of Guyana, the Kanuku Mountains amp up the adventure quotient on several accounts. The forest is home to 60% of all bird species found in Guyana and over 150 mammals, offering a single stop for your wildlife curiosity if you are limited on time. It’s no wonder the Wapishanas named the region ‘Kanuku’, which simply translates to ‘rich forest.’ Kanuku is one of the last remaining intact Amazonian habitats of the world and one of the most beautiful places in South America.

Being a tropical country that sits just above the equator, Guyana has only two seasons – dry season and rainy season. It is best to select a travel period for the region that you want to visit based on your interests and chosen activities.


Dry Season

Coast: mid-January to May; and mid-July to mid-November

Interior: January to early May; and September to December

The dry season is the peak season. It is the most convenient to get around and explore the country since there is not too much rainfall. This makes the roads much easier to navigate, and it’s easier to see Guyana’s wildlife. No matter your location, the coast or the interior of the country, it will feel like summertime most all of the time. Fortunately, it cools down a bit a night, and in the day time, light scattered showers and cool swimming holes offer intermittent relief.


Wet Season

Coast: May to mid-July; and mid-November to mid-January

Interior: Mid-May to August

The green or rainy season in Guyana gets its name from the rain showers that roll through during this time. Expect no rain or light showers on some days, heavy rains at times, and extended periods of sunshine on some of the rainiest of days.  The days are usually somewhat cooler, but it is more humid. Getting around the rainforest and savannah in the wet season is challenging by road, yet it is the best time to travel by boat and see Guyana’s waterfalls in full. As a bonus, the raised rivers get you closer to the trees for great birdwatching experiences. There are lighter rains in December in the country’s interior, known as the „cashew rains.”

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