11 April 2018

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Costa Rica is in Central America between Nicaragua and Panama; it is bordered from the East by the Caribbean Sea and from the West by the Pacific Ocean.


Volcanoes, high mountain ranges, and lush tropical forests are dominating the landscapes. It also provides beautiful golden beaches for those who want to relax at the end of their holiday.


This Central American country is one of the leaders in eco-tourism and sustainability. They have more than 190 biological reserves and national parks. The country has 12 different life zones, and despite its small size, it is home to nearly 5% of the total living species of the Earth.


It is a perfect place for wildlife watching, birding (over 900 species of birds), wildlife and nature photography, and for families who can combine nature, adventure, and the beach.


19,730 Sq Km

Local time

GMT -6


Keel-billed Toucan, King Vulture, Resplendent Quetzal Montezuma Oropendola, Andean, Great Green Macaw, Scarlet Macaw, Collard aracari,      Great Curassow, Three-wattled Bell Bird, Spectacled Owl, Amazon Kingfisher


5 Million


Costa Rican Colón


Jaguar, Ocelot, Puma, Three-toed Sloth, Hoffman’s Two-toed Sloth,  White-faced Capuchin Monkey, Bairds tapir, White-nosed Coati, Neotropical Otter, Northern Tamandua, Tayra,  Squirrel Monkey, Spider Monkey, Mantled Howler Monkey


Tortuguero, as it is often called the “Amazon” of Costa Rica, is only accessible by boat or by plane. It lies on the North Caribbean.  The coast is a critical sea turtle nesting sites in the country. The lagoons and the rainforest are home to hundreds of birds, amphibians, reptiles. You can also find mammals in great numbers, most commonly, howler and spider monkeys, sloths, and anteaters. The national park is also home to the elusive Jaguar, although you have to be super lucky to spot one.



Sarapiqui is located on the Caribbean lowlands around a 3-hour drive away from Sa Jose. The location includes primary and secondary rainforests, marshes, and rivers. This rainforest is another biodiversity hotspot in the country and an excellent birding site with 450 species of birds and 80 species of mammals.

Boca Tapada

This virgin rainforest is one of the best birding sites in the country close to the Nicaraguan border. Three hundred fifty different kinds of birds call this place their home, among them the endangered Great Green Macaw. The location is quite remote, but it is worth a visit if you want to see a unique area with diverse flora and fauna.



One of the most popular locations in the country thanks to its majestic stratovolcano (Arenal Volcano) and its beautiful national parks. The region has a lot to offer; great outdoor activities, hanging bridges, thermal water, and some unique birding sites. It is a perfect place to be based for a couple of nights and explore the surroundings.

Cano Negro

Cano Negro is the most extensive wetlands in the country. It is an excellent birding hotspot, especially during the winter months when migratory birds occupy the trees and bushes. Other than birds, you can find spider and howler monkeys, sloths, spectacled caimans, and many other exciting species. It is an excellent alternative to Tortuguero.



Monteverde lies around 1400 metres above sea level. The higher elevation has created a unique ecosystem that is home to more than 500 different birds. There are two famous reserves in the area: Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve and Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve. Travellers can discover the national parks with local guides who can help to spot some incredibly unique wildlife.

The cloud forests are home to the magical Resplendent Quetzal, and 27 different hummingbirds, and elusive pumas.

Carara National Park

The National Park is on the Pacific-side of the country and is situated between two life zones: some pre-montane forests and some tropical forests. This ecosystem is home to over 300 birds, among the colourful scarlet macaw and the orange-collared manaquin. On the way to the national park, the travellers can stop at the Tarcoles Bridge to observe some giant American crocodiles.


Manuel Antonio National Park

The country’s most famous national park, thanks to its proximity to the capital, San Jose. The national park is near Quepos. It is one of the smallest national parks in Costa Rica, but it has an incredible amount of wildlife. It is probably the best place to spot sloths. It also has some stunning white-sandy beaches where you can relax after the National Park visit.


Piedras Blancas National Park

This 30,000 acres primary lowland tropical rainforest lies on the South Pacific of Costa Rica, opposite of the Osa Peninsula.  This wet forest is one of the last ones in Central America and is one of the most threatened forest types of vegetation.

Due to the unique climate and humidity, flora and fauna are abundant, including 140 species of mammals and over 100 species of amphibians and reptiles.

Osa Peninsula- Corcovado National Park

Corcovado National Park is one of the most biologically diverse places in the World. The park is very remote and is only accessible by boat. It is one of the best places in Costa Rica for wildlife encounters. It is also an excellent place to enjoy the Pacific Ocean on one of its sandy beaches.

Most of the country’s cats (Jaguar, puma, ocelot, jaguarundi, margay), tapirs, squirrel monkeys, toucans, and macaws can be found here.


Los Quetzales National Park

Los Quetzales National Park and its surroundings is another birding hotspot of the country. Los Quetzales National Park was established along with the Talamanca mountain range between 2000 and 3000 metres above sea level. There were over 200 bird species recorded here; you can spot many different hummingbirds and the country’s most famous bird, the Resplendent Quetzal.



This is a 12-day guided, bird and wildlife photography holiday in Costa Rica, led by British wildlife-photographer Richard Birchett.



A semi-private premium holiday to Costa Rica, this holiday is perfect for first timers as it visits the highlights of the country.



Experience the wonderful Caribbean side of Costa Rica while visiting remote rain forests and learn about the local culture.



Discover Costa Rica's incredible avifauna on a private, customisable holiday. This is a perfect holiday for first-timers in Costa Rica.



A 14-day ultimate, guided herping adventure of the rainforests, Cloud forests of Costa Rica looking for iconic reptiles & amphibians.



Explore the best of the volcanoes and cloud forests of Costa Rica on this semi-private holiday. This trip can be easily customised.

In general the country has two seasons; a dry and a wet. Tortuguero has its microclimate, so it varies a bit from the rest of the country. The Caribbean side experiences precipitation year-round.


December to April

The Dry season: These are the driest months in the country. It can still rain, but it will be much shorter and probably not every day. The chances of having a lot of sunshine and clear skies are incredible. This season is also the prime time for wildlife viewing and bird watching. The trees are fruiting, which attracts birds and primates. It is also an excellent season for scuba diving in the South Pacific.


May to November

The wet or green season in the country. Usually, the mornings are sunny and humid; the rain usually comes in the early afternoon. The rainiest months are between July and October. The wet season is the primary turtle nesting season, and you can also spot humpback whales on the Pacific side during the rainiest months. Amphibians and reptiles are also more active during the green season, so it is a great option to attend on a herping holiday.

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